Gastric Bypass Diet: What to Eat After Bariatric Surgery
Gastric bypass surgery is a highly effective bariatric procedure which can help the morbidly obese (body mass index exceeding 40kg/m2) lose nearly 64 percent of their extra body weight within a period of one year as per a study called “Better Weight Loss, Resolution of Diabetes, and Quality of Life for Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass vs. Banding” by Campos published in the Archives of Surgery. Nonetheless, the surgery is not an end in itself and one needs to follow a strict gastric bypass diet plan, post surgery, to get the desired results.
Gastric bypass surgery involves stapling the stomach to reduce the stomach space and also redirecting the passage of food in a manner that it circumvents the initial part of the stomach. Post surgery, it is essential to religiously follow a gastric bypass diet regimen to ensure that the staples lining the stomach heal without getting dilated by the ingested food, to make the patient inured to eating smaller portions of food that can be easily digested, to avoid any mal-effects of the surgery, and most importantly, to help the patient lose the extra pounds.
Many obese patients who are in dire need of this bariatric procedure but cannot do so because of financial considerations are even opting for gastric bypass surgery in India, Mexico, Costa Rica and other countries with robust healthcare systems dispensing quality yet affordable medical treatments.
Obesity surgery in the border towns of Mexico is especially popular with Americans as it allows them to get low-cost riddance from excess weight and accompanying problems, without having to go too far from home.
Phases of a Gastric Bypass Diet Plan
Essentially, a bariatric bypass plan has four phases. Phase one of the gastric bypass diet regimen begins a couple of days after the surgery and consists of fluids primarily to test the food tolerance levels of the patient after the surgery. Some of the liquids that patients can take in this phase of the diet plan are unsweetened juices, clear soups, and milk. Patients are advised to sip the liquids slowly and not to drink more than 60 to 90 ml of fluids at a time.
In the second stage of the gastric bypass diet, the patient switches over from fluids to semi-solid foods. Patient progresses to this phase of the diet plan once her/his tolerance to liquid foods has been established. During this phase, the patient has to take pureed solid foods such as lean meats, fish, fruits and vegetables, and yogurt for about two to four weeks. One should make sure that the foods are blended well using water, toned milk, unsweetened juices or stock without any chunks of solid food in the puree. If one wants to switchover from bland to slightly spicy foods, one will have to do so gradually and in moderation.
After receiving the green signal from the obesity doctor, patients can then progress to the third phase of the gastric bypass diet plan which involves eating foods that are soft enough so that they can be pulverized with the fork easily. Canned fruits, baked vegetables and finely chopped meats can be consumed in this phase.
In the final phase of the diet plane, after almost two months, one can steadily switch over to regular solid foods. However, foods such as dried fruits, effervescent beverages, breads, and high fiber vegetables like broccoli, corn and cabbage can be potential gastric irritants and are best avoidable.
Throughout the gastric bypass diet regimen, patients will have to ensure that they keep themselves hydrated and that they take their recommended doses of nutritional supplements, since in the process of the food bypassing the small intestine, the body is not able to absorb the vital vitamins and minerals from the food.